TRACE Matrix

The TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix® (TRACE Matrix) measures business bribery risk in 200 countries. The overall country risk score is a combined and weighted score of four domains – Business Interactions with the Government, Anti-bribery Laws and Enforcement, Government and Civil Service Transparency and Capacity for Civil Society Oversight, including the role of the media – as well as nine subdomains. The TRACE Matrix was originally developed in 2014 in collaboration with RAND Corporation. It is updated at least every two years by TRACE.

Download the TRACE Matrix Information Pack

For a detailed description of the TRACE Matrix, download the 2017 Methodology Report.

The full 2017 TRACE Matrix information pack, includes:

  • 2017 TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix Scores
  • TRACE Matrix FAQ
  • TRACE Matrix Infographic
  • Guide to Country Reports
  • Methodology Report

Download a short description of the Matrix in: English, French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish or Mandarin Chinese.

In the updated edition of the TRACE Matrix, Sweden, New Zealand and Norway continue to place among the five least risky countries, along with newcomers Finland and the United Kingdom. The five riskiest countries for bribery are Somalia, ranked last among 200 countries, Venezuela, Turkmenistan, North Korea and South Sudan respectively.

The 2017 edition introduces several substantive and methodological improvements, increasing the model’s robustness. Changes to both content and method, mean users should exercise caution when comparing the new country scores to those published in previous years.

Read the full 2017 TRACE Bribery Risk Matrix press release.

For press inquiries, contact Caitlin Seymour at cseymour@traceinternational.org.


Information from the TRACE Matrix is incorporated into TRACE due diligence reports and third party risk assessment tool, TRACEsort, which uses scores from the TRACE Matrix in its assessment algorithm. TRACE members enjoy complimentary access to TRACEsort. Contact a TRACE representative to learn more by writing to info@TRACEinternational.org or by calling (+1) 410.990.0076. 

“Assessment of country risk is fundamental to developing an effective compliance program and risk-based due diligence procedures.”


Charles Duross
Partner at Morrison & Foerster LLP and former Deputy Chief in the Fraud Section in the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice


“The Qantas Supply Chain Assurance Program aims to effectively and consistently assess, vet and manage our third-party suppliers. The TRACE Matrix provides the assessment phase immense credibility and allows our procurement teams to confidently screen all potential suppliers.”


Zach McAfee
Group Manager, Integrity Risk
Qantas Airways


2017 Results

TRACE Matrix Risk Levels


Full table (excluding subdomain scores) and rankings:

Although the resulting index can be used to rank countries by their composite scores, it is also possible to view the results for specific risk factors which make up the composite score in order to identify what drives the overall risk score. This allows compliance professionals not only to identify where a country falls in terms of overall business bribery risk, but also to use the domain and subdomain scores to tailor their compliance and due diligence practices appropriately and make better resource allocation decisions.



Rank Country
Risk Score
Domain 1: Interactions
with Government
Domain 2 : Anti-Bribery Laws and Enforcement Domain 3 : Governmental
and Civil Service Transparency
Domain 4 : Capacity for
Civil Society Oversight
1 Sweden
5 6 7 1 5
2 New Zealand
6 7 11 2 8
3 Norway
7 13 1 3 1
4 Finland
8 9 13 8 4
5 United Kingdom
10 12 7 5 12
6 Netherlands
11 13 15 6 11
7 Denmark
11 12 14 18 2
8 Germany
13 15 19 12 9
9 Estonia
14 17 2 16 11
10 Switzerland
14 17 12 17 7
11 Austria
15 19 15 11 12
12 Canada
16 23 13 8 10
13 Singapore
16 1 8 16 46
14 Iceland
16 18 18 13 15
15 Hong Kong
16 4 5 12 48
16 United States of America
17 22 23 8 14
17 Luxembourg
17 18 18 17 16
18 Ireland
18 12 22 29 15
19 Australia
18 23 10 13 15
20 France
22 28 21 10 21
21 Belgium
22 27 20 20 14
22 Lithuania
22 30 13 23 9
23 Portugal
22 28 17 22 14
24 Monaco
23 7
25 Georgia
23 16 17 31 32
26 Japan
24 22 27 28 23
27 Marshall Islands
25 27 7
28 Taiwan
26 24 53 31 14
29 San Marino
26 28 7
31 Chile
27 31 11 25 27
32 Israel
27 39 30 14 17
33 Korea, Republic of
29 30 35 25 30
34 Slovenia
29 38 18 24 22
35 Uruguay
30 42 10 30 14
36 Liechtenstein
30 37 15 8
37 Czech Republic
31 40 27 29 19
38 United Arab Emirates
32 8 15 53 61
39 Poland
32 38 22 35 21
40 Slovakia
33 48 20 29 13
41 Costa Rica
33 44 15 39 14
42 Latvia
33 33 18 58 15
43 Italy
34 42 60 22 23
44 Palau
35 38 32 16
45 Spain
35 39 36 35 27
46 Micronesia, Federated States of
35 31 31
47 Vanuatu
36 31 22 38
48 Qatar
36 24 26 49 49
49 Dominica
37 36 38 34 41
50 Malta
37 47 20 38 22
51 Tonga
37 35 29
52 Jamaica
38 49 36 33 21
53 Colombia
38 45 34 28 38
54 Bahrain
39 32 25 33 61
55 Grenada
39 29 70 49 36
56 Tuvalu
39 20
57 South Africa
39 50 26 27 35
58 Antigua and Barbuda
39 36 18 53 39
59 Samoa
39 41 29
60 Croatia
40 48 23 38 31
61 Senegal
40 39 30 54 30
62 Rwanda
40 23 18 52 67
63 Mauritius
40 39 20 59 30
64 Kosovo
40 39 37 35
65 Cyprus
40 48 38 45 21
66 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
40 31 69 52 37
67 Romania
41 53 19 39 28
68 St. Lucia
41 38 70 50 30
69 Bulgaria
42 48 28 41 35
70 Bhutan
42 44 18 44 43
71 Panama
42 43 31 56 29
72 Oman
42 32 65 38 58
73 St. Kitts and Nevis
42 35 67 60 30
74 Botswana
42 37 29 58 41
75 Papua New Guinea
42 49 30 34 42
76 Namibia
43 46 23 47 38
77 Macedonia
43 41 31 40 53
78 Cape Verde
43 44 47 51 32
79 Malaysia
43 36 16 46 63
80 Greece
44 50 32 47 32
81 Barbados
44 47 54 54 25
82 Montenegro
44 49 26 55 30
83 Armenia
44 42 43 50 43
84 Peru
44 49 41 44 37
85 Aruba
44 40
86 Ghana
44 48 51 55 25
87 Indonesia
45 48 40 52 34
88 India
45 53 41 40 37
89 Jordan
45 38 22 48 64
90 Seychelles
45 47 62 52 30
91 Maldives
45 46 22 46
92 Bahamas
46 48 32 60 31
93 Thailand
47 41 40 45 62
94 Albania
47 52 33 46 43
95 Cayman Islands
47 49 22
96 Solomon Islands
47 47 45
97 Puerto Rico (USA)
48 45 39 58
98 Trinidad and Tobago
49 54 38 62 29
99 Fiji
49 47 14 80 33
100 Hungary
49 52 31 53 46
101 Serbia
49 57 33 47 43
102 Bosnia and Herzegovina
50 64 30 34 44
103 Philippines
50 55 33 52 43
104 Sao Tome and Principe
50 45 58 64 42
105 Kenya
50 57 36 48 43
106 Saudi Arabia
50 39 32 60 67
107 Tunisia
50 56 46 57 33
108 Gambia
50 40 72 36 76
109 Djibouti
50 36 31 79
110 Nepal
50 53 36 56 44
111 Burkina Faso
50 54 44 57 39
112 Azerbaijan
50 49 34 43 66
113 Kiribati
50 57 38
114 Mauritania
51 53 69 44 47
115 Guatemala
51 50 46 65 42
116 Niger
52 53 34 56 50
117 Morocco
52 44 44 63 57
118 Mexico
52 56 40 50 49
119 Dominican Republic
52 54 38 64 41
120 Brunei Darussalam
52 51 21 62 55
121 Togo
52 44 44 72 51
122 Mongolia
52 61 37 57 36
123 Lesotho
52 46 28 68 57
124 El Salvador
52 56 35 65 39
125 Mali
53 52 36 65 48
126 Benin
53 48 57 62 52
127 Ukraine
53 65 36 52 38
128 Zambia
53 53 33 60 54
129 Brazil
54 75 47 39 30
130 East Timor
54 56 37 67 43
131 Argentina
54 73 38 47 31
132 Paraguay
54 54 39 66 48
133 Kyrgyzstan
54 64 43 53 41
134 Belarus
55 46 43 60 71
135 Uganda
55 59 39 52 56
136 Honduras
55 54 42 65 52
137 Ivory Coast
55 59 49 57 49
138 Tanzania, United Republic of
55 59 29 61 52
139 Turkey
56 50 33 61 68
140 Moldova, Republic of
56 64 41 56 44
141 Guyana
56 56 39 73 43
142 Mozambique
56 57 51 52 59
143 Kuwait
56 70 28 53 42
144 Russia
56 57 61 51 58
145 Malawi
57 65 33 66 39
146 Suriname
57 58 77 73 31
147 Sierra Leone
57 61 37 62 50
148 Guinea
57 55 48 72 48
149 Guinea-Bissau
57 56 40 64
150 Ecuador
57 60 39 58 58
151 Swaziland
58 52 39 66 67
152 Kazakhstan
58 55 41 58 69
153 Bolivia
58 70 36 59 42
154 Vietnam
58 54 32 60 73
155 Lebanon
59 61 44 77 41
156 Belize
59 56 60 81 42
157 Pakistan
59 66 48 51 58
158 China
60 53 40 57 81
159 Sri Lanka
60 49 50 77 66
160 Comoros
61 48 69 85 58
161 Cameroon
61 62 58 61 60
162 Egypt
61 52 35 71 77
163 Algeria
61 66 33 76 46
164 Bermuda
61 81 14
165 Myanmar
61 58 42 72 63
166 Nicaragua
61 61 37 78 53
167 Sudan
61 55 61 59 76
168 Gabon
61 71 46 55 55
169 Iran, Islamic Republic of
62 59 61 59 73
170 Afghanistan
63 71 41 60 56
171 Congo, Republic of the
63 66 40 66 60
172 Nigeria
63 73 38 61 54
173 Liberia
63 73 42 76 40
174 Macau
65 78
175 Dem. Rep. of the Congo
65 65 53 60 75
176 Tajikistan
66 64 45 72 69
177 Cuba
66 78 29 59 63
178 Ethiopia
67 64 42 60 86
179 Lao PDR
67 51 44 86 86
180 Madagascar
67 71 50 74 58
181 Iraq
67 62 48 84 66
182 Haiti
68 69 49 85 54
183 Equatorial Guinea
68 57 93 72
184 Central African Republic
68 65 50 88 60
185 Bangladesh
68 82 41 56 64
186 Yemen
69 69 43 74 71
187 Zimbabwe
71 69 52 81 73
188 Burundi
72 58 48 93 86
189 Uzbekistan
73 66 48 80 87
190 Angola
73 80 44 82 61
191 Syrian Arab Republic
73 67 50 77 89
192 Cambodia
77 83 42 88 66
193 Eritrea
77 55 98 89 100
194 Libya
77 78 52 96 66
195 Chad
81 76 93 91 77
196 South Sudan
82 80 90 86 79
197 Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
82 86 86 100
198 Turkmenistan
85 83 88 85 87
199 Venezuela
85 100 60 81 70
200 Somalia
88 78 100 100 91